Nuclear propulsion for naval surface vessels.

Hearings before the Joint Committee on Atomic Energy, Congress of the United States, Eighty-eighth Congress, first session. October 30, 31, and November 13, 1963.
  • 249 Pages
  • 3.72 MB
  • 7067 Downloads
  • English
by
U.S. Govt. Print. Off. , Washington
United States. Navy., Nuclear wars
Classifications
LC ClassificationsVA53 .A7 1964
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 249 p.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5931601M
LC Control Number64060376
OCLC/WorldCa777548

The United States Navy Nuclear Propulsion community consists of Naval Officers and Enlisted members who are specially trained to run and maintain the nuclear reactors that power the submarines and aircraft carriers of the United States Navy.

Operating more than 80 nuclear-powered ships, the United States Navy is currently the largest naval force in the world. The Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program comprises the military and civilian personnel who design, build, operate, maintain, and manage the nuclear-powered ships and the many facilities that support the U.S.

nuclear-powered naval fleet. The Program has cradle-to-grave responsibility for all naval nuclear propulsion matters.

Nuclear marine propulsion is propulsion of a ship or submarine with heat provided by a nuclear power plant. The power plant heats water to produce steam for a turbine used to turn the ship's propeller through a gearbox or through an electric generator and motor. Naval nuclear propulsion is used specifically within naval warships such as.

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ABB Marine, a leader in dieselelectric AC propulsion, is developing these type of propulsion systems for a wide range of vessels, including naval ships. ABB Marine began to develop its cycloconverter technology for marine propulsion in the early s and successfully applied it on two Wartsila Marine-built icebreakers.

The Nuclear Navy is a term coined to describe vessels powered by nuclear reactors. Incorporating nuclear energy to naval vessels revolutionized naval warfare. The general idea of nuclear ships was that they would not have to make regular stops for fuel like conventional vessels, making them only limited by supplies and crew endurance.

The Navy recognized the benefits of nuclear. Naval reactors use high burn up fuels such as uranium-zirconium, uranium-aluminum, and metal ceramic fuels, in contrast to land-based reactors which use uranium dioxide, UO factors provide the naval vessels theoretical infinite range Nuclear propulsion for naval surface vessels.

book mission all these considerations, it is recognized that a nuclear reactor is the ideal. Machinist’s Mates (Nuclear) are involved in the supervision, operation, maintenance and administration of naval nuclear propulsion plants and associated equipment.

They have a thorough understanding of reactor, electrical and mechanical theory involved in the operation of the nuclear reactor, steam plant, propulsion plant and auxiliary equipment. He has read about and studied naval vessels, especially nuclear vessels, for years before finding out about the NUPOC Pipeline Program, so the program naturally sparked his interest.

He comes from a long line of family members who served and has a desire to give back to his country through service. These facilities include moored training ships and land-based prototypes, which provide hands-on training and ensure that before their first sea tour, all operators have qualified on an operating naval nuclear propulsion plant.

Headquarters. Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program Headquarters provides oversight and direction for all Program elements. Nuclear Propulsion for Naval Surface Vessels: Report. December, - Ebook written by United States. Congress. Joint Committee on Atomic Energy.

Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Nuclear Propulsion for Naval Surface Vessels: Report. The U.S. Navy has developed a safe, reliable, and immensely successful application of nuclear power to the propulsion of ships.

This new field of engineering has provided the means of steaming farther, faster, and longer than ever before. The success of nuclear power is due to more than meticulous technical development. The headquarters for the Navy Nuclear Propulsion Program is in Washington, DC.

It is staffed by the elite engineers who oversee all aspects of the program. There are many varied positions at Naval Reactors to include approving, confirming, and planning the design, operation, and maintenance of over nuclear reactors.

The Naval Reactor. Russia built nuclear submarines and five naval surface vessels (plus nine icebreakers) powered by reactors between andand was then operating about 60 nuclear naval vessels.

InRussia had about 40 retired subs from its Pacific fleet alone waiting to be scrapped. 54 U.S. Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program, briefing entitled “Nuclear and Fossil Fuel Powered Surface Ships, Quick Look Analysis,” presented to CRS on Ma The briefers explained that the study was originally conducted in CRS   The U.S.

Navy plans to build a number of new surface ships in the coming decades, according to its most recent year shipbuilding plan. All of the Navy's aircraft carriers (and submarines) are powered by nuclear reactors; its other surface combatants are powered by engines that use conventional petroleum-based fuels.

The first nuclear-powered submarine, the Nautilus began operation in With its introduction into the fleet, Naval warfare would never again be the same. While commercial nuclear reactors are operated by many countries, the ability to apply nuclear propulsion to a ship is a difficult task which very few countries have been able to accomplish.

The cargo vessel “Otto Hahn” was the only nuclear-powered ship built in Germany. The ship was launched inbut the nuclear propulsion system was installed only in Otto Hahn was run as a research vessel untilgathering useful information about nuclear propulsion while being also used as a commercial ore carrier.

Nuclear Machinist’s Mates operate and maintain steam turbines and reduction gears used for nuclear ship propulsion and auxiliary machinery such as turbogenerators, pumps and oil purifiers.

They also maintain auxiliary machinery outside of main machinery spaces, such as electrohydraulic steering engines and elevators, refrigeration plants, air. GAOR July 6, In recent years, the Navy has used nuclear propulsion systems for its submarines and most aircraft carriers and conventional propulsion systems that rely on fossil fuel for its surface combatants and amphibious warfare ships.

The Cost-Effectiveness of Nuclear Power for Navy Surface Ships Summary and Introduction The U.S. Navy plans to build a number of new surface ships in the coming decades, according to its most recent year shipbuilding plan.1 All of the Navy’s aircraft car-riers (and submarines) are powered by nuclear.

Submarine - Submarine - Nuclear propulsion: Inwith the commissioning of USS Nautilus, nuclear power became available. Since the nuclear reactor needed no oxygen at all, a single power plant could now suffice for both surface and submerged operation.

Moreover, since a very small quantity of nuclear fuel (enriched uranium) provided power over a very long period, a nuclear submarine could. The basic requirements for selection to the Nuclear Propulsion Officer Candidate program for eligible college students and graduates.

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Program leads to an appointment on active duty as an Ensign in the unrestricted line of the U.S. Navy. Nuclear Propulsion Officers serve their duty on a nuclear-powered submarine or surface ship. Surface Force Ship and Aircraft Carrier Policy Voyage Repair Policy Commander, Logistics Western Pacific Area of NAVSEA 08 Naval Sea Systems Command Nuclear Propulsion Directorate NSRF Naval Ship Repair Facility OIC Officer in Charge OPREP Operation Report.

Nuclear propulsion. Oil-fueled ship types that might be shifted to nuclear propulsion include large-deck amphibious assault ships and large surface combatants (i.e., cruisers and destroyers). A “quick look” analysis by the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Progra m concluded that total lif e-cycle costs for nuclear.

These factors provide the naval vessels theoretical infinite range and mission time. For all these considerations, it is recognized that a nuclear reactor is the ideal engine for naval propulsion. A compact pressure vessel with an internal neutron and gamma ray shield is required by the design while maintaining safety of operatio n.

Inthe advocacy of Admiral H.G.

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Rickover, then head of the Navy’s nuclear propulsion program, led Congress to stipulate in the fiscal year legislation that all future large surface combatants must have nuclear propulsion. The wording of the legislation was clear: All future cruisers and “super destroyers” must be nuclear.

study on alternative propulsion methods for surface combatants and amphibious warfare ships. In the first study, the Office of Naval Reactors, which is responsible for all aspects of the Navy’s nuclear propulsion program and plants, conducted a “quick look” analysis of comparative costs of nuclear and fossil-fueled surface ships in These factors provide the naval vessels theoretical infinite range and mission time.

For all these considerations, it is recognized that a nuclear reactor is the ideal engine for naval propulsion. A compact pressure vessel with an internal neutron and gamma ray shield is required by the design while maintaining safety of operation.

The Navy Nuclear Propulsion Project in July 7. Nuclear Ships under Construction 8. The Navy Nuclear Propulsion Project in July Figures 1. Schematic Diagram of a Pres-surized-Water Reactor 2.

Schematic Diagram of a Pressurized-Water Nuclear Propulsion Plant Photographs 1. Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King and. U.S. Navy ships have used screw propellers almost exclusively for nearly two centuries, but in recent years, the Navy has shifted to waterjet propulsion for a handful of surface ships.

1 The submarine force may not be ready to embrace an all-waterjet primary propulsion system (à la The Hunt for Red October’s “caterpillar drive”), but as a graduate student in mechanical engineering at.

The Navy’s Nuclear Field (NF) program offers extensive training as nuclear propulsion plant operators and technicians to young men and women with aptitude in mathematics and science. The standards for selection for enlistment in the Navy’s NF program are high.The U.S.

Navy has awarded EnergySolutions a potential three-year, $ million contract to process various forms of metal for the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program. EnergySolutions will also provide shipping containers and brokerage services as well as transport materials from multiple NNPP facilities by truck, rail or barge, the Defense.Nuclear-powered surface ships.

Nuclear propulsion worked so well for submarines that a few other vessels got nuclear engines instead of conventional diesels. Most notably, vessels like the Gerald R. Ford-class aircraft carriers have a few nuclear reactors powering them.

The US Navy has had nuclear-powered cruisers as well, but does not have any.